Proper Dimensions Provides Optimal Water Flow
There are standard dimensions of drain and vent pipes and common plumbing codes that must be followed to make sure your bathroom plumbing is functioning safely and at optimal capacity.
When a drain line is properly sized, the line will only be half full under full load which provides a sufficient water level to move and carry any solid materials that may be at hand in the waste. When the upper half of the pipe is open for the free transfer of vent air, this helps facilitate the proper velocity of the flow.
If you plan on doing any major plumbing renovations in your bathroom, at the very beginning of your planning process you should get the latest information on local plumbing codes from your municipal building department.
These codes were established to ensure your safety and proper installation of the plumbing materials. If you do not follow these plumbing codes, your bathroom reno project may turn out to be unhealthy and potentially dangerous as well.
Here is food for thought, contrary to popular belief an oversize pipe will clog much faster than an undersized line. Here is the reason why. It is logical to believe that if a line is oversized, the result is the level of liquid being much lower.
What this means is that the liquid is then not enough to properly suspend the solids and as a result, the solids will drag along the bottom of the pipe dramatically reducing the velocity of flow.
When this happens, it allows the liquids to then bleed past the solids and continue down the pipe’s line leaving deposits of solid material in the channel.
Preventing Solid Buildup in Your Lines
Once the liquid has passed, the solids will then begin to dry in place creating a small dam for the next drainage cycle until the solids build up and this could potentially clog the line. This whole dilemma can be avoided by better plumbing design, that is, making sure your drains, vents and supply lines are sized appropriately to their applications.
Another important consideration is to make sure your drain pipes slope at least one-quarter of an inch per running foot. Most vent pipes are required to slope one-eight of an inch per running foot.
When renovating your bathroom and you are simply replacing an existing fixture, there is usually no need to modify your pipes but if on the other hand you plan on installing new plumbing lines, its best to contact a municipal building inspector to make sure you comply with local building codes.
It may be helpful to note that the diameter of the drain and vent pipes are related to numbers of fixture appliances in your lavatory. Also, there is a maximum allowable distance between fixtures and vents. If your fixture is too far from its vent, there are three different things you can do to solve the problem.
You can increase the size of your drain pipe, you can move the fixture closer to the existing vent, or you can add a vent closer to the fixture location.
Here are some standard dimensions for drain and vent lines in your washroom.
These standard plumbing specifications for drain and vent pipes are intended to provide plenty of capacity for incoming water and adequate facility for out going drains and vents to keep your bathroom, comfortable and functioning efficiently.